Japanese expansion through South-East Asia in early 1942 meant that conflict on the Australian territory of New Guinea was inevitable. By Conquering the capital of Port Moresby communications between Australia and her American ally would be severed, allowing Japanese air power to threaten Australia’s northern cities. A Japanese land invasion ensued using the Kokoda Trail in the drive to Port Moresby. The Australian Army was initially ill prepared to meet this invasion from an experienced and battle-hardened force, but over-extension of Japanese supply lines and disaster at Guadalcanal eventually stopped Japanese aspirations and the Kokoda campaign became a protracted struggle as Australian forces fought to drive the Japanese forces back.
This is an account of that campaign, using photographs, maps and historical accounts.